Study Details

Study Title: Safety Evaluation of Signal Installation With and Without Left Turn Lanes on Two Lane Roads in Rural and Suburban Areas

Authors: Srinivasan et al.

Publication Date:OCT, 2014

Abstract: Data from 117 intersections on two lane roads in rural and suburban areas in North Carolina were used to determine the safety effect of signalization with and without left turn lanes. This was a before-after study that was conducted using the empirical Bayes method. Before signalization, all the 117 intersections were controlled by stop signs on the minor legs. As part of implementing the empirical Bayes method, safety performance functions were estimated using data from a reference group of minor road stop controlled intersections. Results have been provided for three and four leg intersections separately. Five types of crashes were investigated: total, injury and fatal, rear end, frontal impact (type 1), and frontal impact (type 2). It is clear that the introduction of signals without the addition of left turn lanes resulted in a reduction in total crashes, injury and fatal crashes, and frontal impact crashes (both types), and an increase in rear end crashes. When left turn lanes were added, rear end crashes decreased as well. Injury and fatal crashes and rear end crashes benefited the most from the addition of left turn lanes. Overall, frontal impact crashes did not benefit from the addition of the left turn lanes. These results along with information about the cost of adding left and right turn lanes could be used by NCDOT to determine the locations where these turn lanes would be most cost-effective.

Study Citation: Srinivasan, R., B. Lan, and D. Carter. "Safety Evaluation of Signal Installation With and Without Left Turn Lanes on Two Lane Roads in Rural and Suburban Areas." Report No. FHWA/NC/2013-11. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Raleigh, North Carolina. (October 2014).

Related Citations: Srinivasan, R., D. Carter, and B. Lan. "Crash Modification Factors for Signal Installation With and Without Left Turn Lanes on Two Lane Roads in Rural and Suburban Areas." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Paper No. 17-03743, Washington, D.C., (2017).

Study Report: Download the Study Report Document

CMFs Associated With This Study

Category: Intersection geometry

Countermeasure: Install left-turn lane at signalized intersection

CMF CRF(%)QualityCrash TypeCrash SeverityRoadway TypeArea Type
0.55544.54 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.49450.64 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
1.02-23 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.87912.13 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.9168.43 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
1.086-8.63 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
1.016-1.63 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
1.046-4.63 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.41258.84 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.9247.63 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.74825.24 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.74425.64 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.79920.14 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.56643.44 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.87612.43 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll

Category:Intersection traffic control

Countermeasure: Install a traffic signal

CMF CRF(%)QualityCrash TypeCrash SeverityRoadway TypeArea Type
1.586-58.64 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
1.427-42.74 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.46544 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.41358.74 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.42584 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.49250.84 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.41558.54 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.42657.44 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.71628.44 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.61438.64 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.63936.14 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.60139.94 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.80319.73 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.64235.84 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
1.198-19.83 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll

Countermeasure: Install a traffic signal and left turn lanes

CMF CRF(%)QualityCrash TypeCrash SeverityRoadway TypeArea Type
0.56943.14 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.56143.94 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll
0.46553.54 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.48451.64 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.48524 StarsAllK,A,B,CNot specifiedAll
0.50549.54 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.89210.83 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.48751.34 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.44855.24 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.42457.64 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.55454 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.71128.94 StarsRear endAllNot specifiedAll
0.38761.34 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.36563.54 StarsOtherAllNot specifiedAll
0.54145.94 StarsAllAllNot specifiedAll